Bhutan enjoyed its 100 years of Monarchy from 1907 to 2007 under the benevolent rules of the greatest hereditary monarchs. The political institution in Bhutan transited from various phase to what is today. Largely, Bhutan started its political journey with the theocratic society and feudal lords and then gradually to the religious system of politics. The rulers of the country were all the Buddhist Saints and the Drukpa Scholars. Bhutan passed through the misery of civil war and internal conflict before the power to rule was given to one man in 1907. 17th December, 1907 is today celebrated as a National Day in Bhutan every year because the very day became the foundation stone towards dynamic formation of Bhutan's Political Institution as "MONARCHY".
However, with the gradual and rapid development and modernization taking place in the country, there was also ultimate transition in the political institution of the Kingdom of Bhutan. Realizing the need for the political transition, His Majesty the Fourth Druk Gyalpo handed over the power of ruling country to his people in 2006 after his volunteer abdication from the golden throne. Bhutan transitioned itself into the new political system of "Constitutional Democratic Monarchy" on 18th July, 2008 with the Signing of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Bhutan by the First democratically elected leaders of the country.
Today, Bhutan is 9 years old with democracy which is still young and fragile. However, the country enjoys peace, prosperity and happiness under the young and dynamic political institution. The king still is the head of the state and prime minister, the head of the government.